Anxiety is your body’s natural response to stress. It’s a feeling of fear or apprehension about what’s to come. In most cases it causes people to feel fearful and nervous. Anxiety is a normal and often healthy emotion. However, when a person regularly feels disproportionate levels of anxiety, it might become a medical disorder.
Anxiety is a key part of several different disorders :
- Panic Disorder: Experiencing recurring panic attacks at unexpected times. A person with panic disorder lives in constant fear .
- Agoraphobia: Excessive fear of a specific object, situation, or activity.
- Social Anxiety disorder: Extreme fear of being judged by others in social situations.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Recurring irrational thoughts that lead you to perform specific, repeated behaviors.
- Separation Anxiety Disorder: Fear of being away from home or loved ones.
- Illness Anxiety Disorder: Anxiety about your health (formerly called hypochondria).
- Post Traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): Anxiety following a traumatic event.
- Selective Mutism: A somewhat rare disorder associated with anxiety. Selective mutism occurs when people fail to speak in specific social situations despite having normal language skills.
Symptoms of Anxiety :
- Panic, fear, and uneasiness
- Sleep problems
- Not being able to stay calm and still
- Cold, sweaty, numb or tingling hands or feet
- Shortness of breath
- Heart palpitations
- Dry mouth
- Tense muscles
Self-treatment (natural remedies are used for anxiety) :
- Getting enough sleep
- Staying active and exercising
- Eating a healthy diet
- Quit smoking cigarettes
- Avoiding alcohol and caffeine
Other Treatments for Anxiety :
- Counselling: A standard way of treating anxiety is psychological counseling.
- CBT ( Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) :This type of psychotherapy aims to recognize and change harmful thought patterns that form the foundation of anxious and troublesome feelings.
- Combination of counselling and therapy.
Prevention of Anxiety :
- Cut down on intake of caffeine, tea, cola, and chocolate.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using over-the-counter (OTC) or herbal remedies, for any chemicals that may make anxiety symptoms worse.
- Eat right and maintain a healthy diet.
- Keep a regular sleep pattern.
- Avoid alcohol, cannabis, and other recreational drugs.
- Get help early. Anxiety, like many other mental health conditions, can be harder to treat if you wait.
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