Depression is a mood disorder that involves a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is different from the mood fluctuations that people regularly experience as a part of life. Major life events, such as bereavement or the loss of a job, can lead to depression. However, doctors only consider feelings of grief to be part of depression if they persist.
Depression is an ongoing problem, not a passing one. It consists of episodes during which the symptoms last for at least 2 weeks. Depression can last for several weeks, months, or years.
- Reduced interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed.
- A loss of sexual desire.
- Changes in appetite.
- Unintentional weight loss or gain.
- Sleeping too much or too little.
- Agitation, restlessness, and pacing up and down.
- Slowed movement and speech.
- Fatigue or loss of energy.
- Difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions.
The medical community does not fully understand the causes of depression. There are many possible causes, and sometimes, various factors combine to trigger symptoms.
Factors that are likely to play a role include:
- Genetic Features.
- Changes in the brain’s neurotransmitter levels.
- Environmental factors.
- Psychological and social factors.
- Additional conditions,such as bipolar disorder.
Depression is treatable, and managing symptoms usually involves three components:
- Support: This can range from discussing practical solutions and possible causes to educating family members.
- Drug treatment: A doctor may prescribe antidepressants.
- Psychotherapy: Psychological, or talking, therapies for depression include CBT, interpersonal psychotherapy, and problem-solving treatment, among others. For some forms of depression, psychotherapy is usually the first-line treatment, while some people respond better to a combination of psychotherapy and medications. CBT and interpersonal psychotherapy are the two main types of psychotherapy for depression. A person may have CBT in individual sessions with a therapist, in groups, over the telephone, or online. Interpersonal therapy aims to help people identify:
- Emotional problems that affect relationships and communication.
- How these issues also affect their mood.
- How all of this may be changed.
Aerobic exercise raises endorphin levels and stimulates the neurotransmitter norepinephrine, which is linked with mood. This may help relieve mild depression.
Post Written By: InContact Counselling & Training.
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